ART AUCTION GLOSSARY - Works on Paper 
 
Works on Paper:    Works on Paper include artworks drawn, painted or otherwise created on paper using a variety of media.
Acrylic:    Water-based plastic paint consisting of pigments bound in an acrylic resin mixture. Can be thinned with water while wet, but become tough and water resistant once dry.
Charcoal:    Charcoal refers to the drawing utensil employed by artists as a medium for sketches, finished works, and under-drawings for paintings. The black and crumbly nature of charcoal produces a freer and less dense line than graphite.
Collage:    The word collage derives from the French, coller, which means to glue. Here a work of art is created by clipping and adhering flat articles, such as photographs, newspaper and fabric, to a two-dimensional surface. 
Colored Pencil:    Colored pencils are hand-held writing or drawing instruments typically used to create designs on paper.
Crayon:    Crayons are sticks of colored wax used for writing and drawing. 
Gouache:    Gouache is a painting medium similar to watercolor that is characterized by pigments suspended in water. However, due to the presence of chalk, gouache produces a heavier and more opaque image than a watercolor.
Graphite:    Graphite is a medium known for its greasy texture and metallic gray color which can be easily removed with an eraser. 
Ink / Wash:    Ink is a liquid medium composed of a variety of pigments and dyes used to color a surface. It is often used for drawing or writing with a pen or brush. Thicker inks are used in letterpresses and lithographic printing.
Mixed Media Work on Paper:    A mixed media work on paper employs multiple media to create a final piece.
Oil Paint:    This term refers to the technique developed during the 15th and 16th centuries in which slow drying paint is made by mixing color pigments with an oil base.  
Pastel:    Pastels are sticks of color, typically made from oil or chalk. Artists use pastels to create a soft and delicate image. The medium can often be unforgiving, as it is difficult for the artist to fix a mistake.
Chalk pastels:    Soft chalk pastels are brightly colored, easily blended, and the most widely used form of pastel. 
Oil pastels:     Oil pastels have similar characteristics to chalk, or soft, pastels. However, they are difficult to blend and have a more buttery consistency.
Tempera:    Tempera is a medium that was prevalent in Orthodox paintings of Southern Europe's Middle Ages. The artist combines egg yolk, egg whites, and oil to bind a range of pigments on a rigid support such as wood paneling.
Watercolor:    Watercolor painting is characterized by colorful pigments dissolved in water producing a translucent image.


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